VIRAL liver disease | News

VIRAL liver disease

several varieties of liver disease area unit sorted along underneath the title of hepatitis.

Every kind has its own characteristic epidemiologic, clinical and medicine pattern, and every contains a completely different prognosis.
Hepatitis A, B, D and E area unit common in tropical countries. The geographical distribution of viral hepatitis isn’t nevertheless clear. All the varieties of hepatitis convey a long immunity once infection however the immunity explicit} thereto particular virus (i.e. there’s no crossover immunity).
The liver disease once referred to as non A-non B has currently been reclassified as 2 separate diseases {hepatitis hepatitis C is viral liver disease} and hepatitis E. Note that liver disease D in associate “incomplete” virus and needs the envelope of hepatitis B for transmission.
The main characteristics of the various hepatitis area unit summarized within the following table.
Clinical symptoms and signs
acute liver disease – early symptoms
. Nausea
. Fever
. Asthenia
. Abdominal discomfort
late signs
. Jaundice (obstructive pattern)
. Dark urine
. Pale stools
Subclinical (or asymptomatic) infection
Subclinical liver disease is incredibly common – it conveys an equivalent immunity and exposes the person to an equivalent risks as clinical liver disease.
Fulminant liver disease (B, D, E)
Severe acute liver disease with liver failure that results in liver failure and contains a high death rate.
Chronic active liver disease (B, C, D)
May cause cirrhosis of the liver and carcinoma.
Treatment
No specific treatment
Symptomatic treatment:
1. Rest
2. Lookout once prescribing Empirin and Paracetamol.
3. Guarantee adequate association and nutrition.
4. Don’t use corticosteroids and different medication known to cause hepatocellular harm.
Prevent
Preventive measures area unit similar for liver disease and HIV.
 Universal precautions for health care staff (protective gloves, protecting glasses, applicable manipulation of doubtless infected instruments, safe and effective collect and destruction for disposable things, use of applicable gloves for female internal reproductive organ revision)
 Infection management policy to scale back the transmission from one patient to a different.
 Safe blood policy
Rationale indications for insertion
Selection of low-risk blood donors
Systematic screening for HIV, Syphilis, protozoa infection and hepatitis B and C
 Hepatitis B is sexually transmitted. Prophylactic device promotion / data / Education / counseling.
Appropriate Management of blood exposure accidents (wounds and eyes projections)
These measures got to be consistently enforced o\for all patients.
Immunization is obtainable for hepatitis B and viral hepatitis

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