Fever can be defined as a condition where there is an increase in temperature of the body.
It is called Jwara in Ayurveda. Generally the temperature of a normal healthy body ranges between 98.4 Fahrenheit and 99.5 Fahrenheit. If the temperature rises beyond 106 Fahrenheit, then it is considered to be Hyperpyrexia and if it goes beyond 107 Fahrenheit or 108 Fahrenheit then death is certain.
Signs and Symptoms: There will be an arrest of sweating, and an affliction of excessive heat and the patient will feel a sensation of contraction in his body. The entries symptoms will feel a sensation of contraction in his body. The entire symptoms will be present in fever.
They are termed as general symptoms.
Types of Fevers
There are 32 types of fevers depending upon the vitiation of tridoshas, change of seasons, and vitiation of blood. This according to Charaka, the well-known author of Charaka Samhita a medical treatise on Ayurveda. But according to modern medicine there are about 25 varieties of fevers.
When a patient has fever, pain all over the body and arrest of sweating, then it is termed as common fever without any known cause.
Treatment: Generally in the initial stage of the fever the patient must be kept on a fast or must be given only light gruel. And in the middle of the fever, medicines which have the property of digestion and assimilation mus be given. In the last stage of the fever mild laxatives may be administered.
The patient must be given a decoction prepared from Musta, Parpashtaka, Dhanyaka and Amrutavalli, each drug should be taken in a dose of 1 teaspoonful or added to half litre of pure water which must then be boiled and reduced to one-fourth proportion. This should be administered thrice daily, or even the juice of Tulasi one teaspoonful with 10 grains of pepper and administered along with honey.
The following prescriptions hold good for the common type of fever:
1. Maha Mrutyunjaya rasa: 200mg. with Pravala Bhasma: 200 mg. with honey or Guduchi Juice or Amritarishta (half ounce twice daily).
2. Guduchi satva: half mg.
Tribhuvana Keerti: 200 mg.
Mahasudarshana churma 4 mgs.
The prescription given above has to be taken thrice daily along with honey or with hot water.
When a patient has a step ladder fashion of fever then it is called enteric or typhoid fever. It affects the intestines and hence it is called Antrika jwara in Ayurveda.
Signs and Symptoms: Frontal headache, loss of sleep and an evening rise of temperature. The fever reaches its maximum on the 8th day and sometimes it runs up to 24-28 days. The peculiarity of this fever is that the pulse rate does not increase with the rise in temperature.
Usually for every degree of raise of temperature there must be an increase of pulse rate. But it is not seen in this type of fever. The patient will have the following abdominal symptoms also: loose motions, pain and gurgling sounds, distension of the abdomen, and ulceration in intestines. Later he may develop peritonitis and perforation as complications.
1. Amritasihta: One ounce
Laghu Malini Vasanta: 200 mg/
Sudarshana Churna: 4 mgs.
Maha Mrutyunjaya: 200 mg.
• Thrice daily with hot water or hiney.
2. Guduchi satva: ½ mg.
Lakshminarayana rasa: 200 mg.
Mahajwarankusha rasa: 200 mg.
(Chandraputi) Pravala bhasma: 200 mg.
*Thrice daily with hot water or honey.
In Ayureda, Antrika Sannipatajwara is produced due to the vitiation of tridoshas and the prescription given above is suitable. In the last stage of the disease Indukantha Ghritham two teaspoonful thrice daily with milk is a specific remedy.
Diet: The patient must be given Shadanga Paniya prepared out of:
1. Mustaka (Cyperus rotandus)
2. Parpastaka (Fumeriaparviflora)
3. Ushira (Vetivreia zizanoidis)
4. Chandana (Santalum album)
5. Udicochya (Coriandrum sativum)
6. Nagara (Gingiber officinale)
And administered as a drink instead of water.
Only liquid diet like gruel prepared from fried rice or suji can be administered.